Welcome to your cooking with cannabis culinary adventure! The Cooking with Cannabis 101 series is created for you by Chef Cody Lindsay of The Wellness Soldier. Thank you for purchasing your series!
Here you will learn how to create basic cannabis infusions from raw flower to end medium. You will be taken through the process of decarboxylation and multiple recipes to infuse with cannabis.
This introduction page is designed to help you get started on the right foot. Here you will find information about the mathematics of THC conversion, dosing, where to buy cannabis, why we get high, definitions, and measurements.
Below is an overview of the basics covered.
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As the THC conversion can vary by 10mg’s or so, we suggest you use LP created cannabis oil for precise dosing to learn your THC/CBD tolerance. For more recipes using LP cannabis oils, please visit out YouTube Channel.
If you ask other chef’s how to cook with cannabis you’ll get multiple different answers, same as if you asked them to make a clam chowder. The mathematics, techniques, times, and temperatures are the techniques that WE use to calculate our cannabis infusions.
Cooking with Cannabis
Edibles get a bad rap, people used to just through a bunch of weed in butter and use that butter in the brownie. Then you’d wake up 1 day later with a day lost and even more hungry lol. But, the amount of THC was not known when creating cannabis butter.
This series will help you learn the THC conversion so the above situation won’t happen to you, or, you’ll want it to happen that way but at least you’ll know the amount of THC that was in your edible 🙂
But, I HATE math!
As much as the cooking with cannabis videos show you how to create infusions it will also involve a fair amount of mathematics on your part to calculate how much THC is in your infusion. It is important to know the amount of THC/CBD when creating edibles as you do not want to have an adverse reaction when consuming your cannabis infused foods.
Once you get used to the calculation it will become easy, but learning it can be difficult. Just take your time doing each step slowly, following each step accurately and you’ll have it down in no time.
How Much THC is Too Much?
As a general guideline, when first using cannabis extracts, patients should take the lowest dose possible and wait 90 minutes for onset and potentially longer to determine peak effect. Unlike inhalation, extracts are processed through the liver, so the onset of effects takes longer. When cooking with cannabis, a typical dose can range from 5-10mg of THC. For those experienced with the use of cannabis a typical dose can range from 20-40mg THC.
Beginners may want to start at 1-2.5 mg of THC, by using LP regulated cannabis oils for precise dosing.
How Long Will I Feel the Effects?
When eating/ingesting cannabinoids the effects on the body are different from smoking or vaporizing. When you smoke or vaporize cannabis, the THC is processed almost immediately through your lungs and then into your bloodstream. The effects of the cannabinoids are then felt almost instantaneously.
When you eat or ingest your cannabinoids they are absorbed in your stomach, processed through the liver, then into your bloodstream. Which is why it takes longer for the effects of the cannabinoids to settle in and also why the effects last longer.
The durations of effects you’ll feel when eating/ingesting your cannabinoids will last in your system for approx. 4-6 hours. Where as when smoking/vaporizing the effects can be felt for approx. 1-2.5 hours.
It is common practise, especially for beginners, to try your desired dosage and wait for 1-2 hours before ingesting more.
What If I Take Too Much!?
When cooking with cannabis, if you happen to ingest too much THC….don’t worry, RELAX…..we have an endocannabinoid system for a reason! Although very uncomfortable if you ingest too much THC, you will live.
Tips to avoid ingesting too much THC
- Start on a low dose of THC
- Allow effects to settle in for 2 hours before ingesting more
- Learn and put into practice your THC conversion mathematics
Symptoms you’ve ingested too much THC in your system is;
- Extreme Fatigue/Lethargic
- Rapid Heartbeat
- Impaired/Slowed Movement
To combat these feelings calm down, regulate your breathing, lye down, drink water/orange juice, take a cold shower, and some say that counter acting your THC by ingesting CBD can also help regulate the feelings of discomfort you feel.
Where to buy cannabis?
You have a few different options if you live in Canada, other places in the world may get a little more difficult. So today we will be focussing on Canada.
We have two distinct cannabis programs to purchase legal cannabis in Canada, we have the
- Medical Market,
- Recreational Market,
Then of course you have “Grow Your Own”.
If you wanted to purchase medical cannabis you would need a prescription from a licensed physician. You can get that from seeing your own family doctor or you can go to a cannabis friendly clinic, such as Spartan Wellness, located throughout Canada and telemedicine as well.
If you are a Canadian Veteran you may be eligible for cost coverage for medical cannabis through Veterans Affairs Canada. For more information about VAC coverage of medical cannabis, please contact www.spartanwellness.ca
Then you will purchase cannabis from one or multiple Licensed Producers (LP’s) of cannabis in Canada.
Simply go online and Google “legal cannabis retailers by province” and you’ll find your answer 🙂
We will be uploading FAQ videos throughout the course, so if you have questions in this area, please email (email@example.com). We will answer frequently asked questions throughout the course.
Why Do We Get High?
The simple answer is because we have an Endocannabinoid System. Which is a “biological system composed of endocannabinoids, which are endogenous lipid-based retrograde neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors, and cannabinoid receptor proteins that are expressed throughout the mammalian central nervous system (including the brain) and peripheral nervous system.”
Throughout our endocannabinoid system we have CB1 and CB2 receptors. THC and CBD interact with the body and receptors differently. THC activates CB1 and CB2 receptors, while CBD exerts its effects more indirectly. Cannabinoids interact with cannabinoid receptors throughout the body in the endocannabinoid system. This is why topical cannabis works, as even the skin and muscles in a given spot on the body have cannabinoid receptors.
Because THC binds with CB1 receptors so easily, it stimulates the body in a specific way. The results are general relaxation, altered senses, fatigue, and hunger. The “munchies” are a direct side effect of THC.
Unlike THC, CBD does not directly stimulate CB1 and CB2 receptors. Instead, CBD can interact with CB1 and CB2 receptors indirectly — what scientists call modulation. In addition to its less direct interaction with CB1 and CB2 receptors, CBD can increase the levels of the human body’s own naturally-produced cannabinoids (known as endocannabinoids) by inhibiting the enzymes that break them down.
Part of why CBD’s therapeutic effects are so widespread is its ability to influence a wide range of receptor systems throughout the body.
The endocannabinoid system is involved with regulating many basic functions of the human body, including:
The endocannabinoid system is involved with regulating many basic functions of the human body, including:
- Memory and learning
- Immune function
- Neural development
- Cardiovascular function
Cannabis* – A genus of sturdy plant species whose parts are used to produce hemp, medicinal products and adult-use stimulants. Cannabis can be prepared in numerous forms, including smokable flower, concentrates, infused in food items as edibles or mixed into topical products. (https://weedmaps.com/learn/dictionary/cannabis/)
Cannabinoids* – A cannabinoid is one of a class of diverse chemical compounds that acts on cannabinoid receptors in cells that alter neurotransmitter release in the brain. The most notable cannabinoid is the phytocannabinoid tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis. Cannabidiol (CBD) is another major constituent of the plant. There are at least 113 different cannabinoids isolated from cannabis, exhibiting varied effects. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannabinoid)
THC-a* – Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid is a precursor of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active component of cannabis. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetrahydrocannabinolic_acid)
THC – Tetrahydrocannabinol is one of at least 113 cannabinoids identified in cannabis. THC is the principal psychoactive constituent of cannabis. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetrahydrocannabinol)
CBD-a – The acidic form of CBD found in high CBD strains.
CBD – Cannabidiol is a naturally occurring cannabinoid constituent of cannabis. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannabidiol)
Flower – A general term that refers to the smokable, trichome-covered part of a female cannabis plant. Flower is the most popular form of cannabis due to its versatility, offering numerous consumption methods, such as being smoked using a pipe or bong, or by rolling it in a joint or blunt. (https://weedmaps.com/learn/dictionary/flower/)
LP – In Canada, LP refers to Licensed Producer. An LP has a health Canada issued licence and is required to produce or sell cannabis for medical purposes.
Infusions – is the process of extracting chemical compounds or flavors from plant material in a solvent such as water, oil or alcohol, by allowing the material to remain suspended in the solvent over time (a process often called steeping). (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infusion)
Medium – is the solvent used to create our infusions. Be it, oil, butter, tincture, etc.
Decarboxylation – is a chemical reaction that removes a carboxyl group and releases carbon dioxide (CO2). (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decarboxylation)
Edibles – Common name for foods infused with cannabis.
Endocannabinoid System – (ECS) is a biological system composed of endocannabinoids, which are endogenous lipid-based retrograde neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors, and cannabinoid receptor proteins that are expressed throughout the mammalian central nervous system (including the brain) and peripheral nervous system. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endocannabinoid_system)
MEASUREMENTS for Cooking with Cannabis
- Milliliter = 1/1000th of a litre
- Teaspoon (tsp) 5 milliliters
- Tablespoon (Tbsp) 15 millilitres
- 1/4 Cup = 60 milliliters
- 1/2 Cup = 125 milliliters
- 3/4 Cup = 190 milliliters
- 1 Cup = 250 milliliters
- 1 Litre = 1000 milliliters (4 Cups)
- Milligram = 1/1000th of a gram
- 1 Gram = 1000 milligrams
- 1 Ounce = 28 grams
- 1 Pound = 454 grams
- 1 Kilogram = 1000 grams or 2.2 pounds
We are looking forward to hearing your questions about cooking with cannabis, if you have any questions please email firstname.lastname@example.org and we will upload video’s answering frequently asked questions. We would also love to see your creations, please show us on social media 🙂
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